New preliminary data released this week by the International Energy Agency (IEA) demonstrates how natural gas has enabled the United States to lead the way in reducing global energy-related CO2 emissions, which are the largest source of man-made greenhouse gas emissions.
From the IEA press release accompanying the data:
“In the United States, emissions declined by 2% (in 2015), as a large switch from coal to natural gas use in electricity generation took place.”
The new IEA data also shows that for the first time in the agency’s 40 years of tracking global energy-sector CO2 emissions, carbon emissions have remained stagnant at a time of significant economic growth. According to the International Monetary Fund, global GDP grew by 3.4 percent in 2014 and 3.1 percent in 2015, prompting the IEA to state:
“The global economy continued to grow by more than 3%, offering further evidence that the link between economic growth and emissions growth is weakening.”
Global emissions of energy-related carbon dioxide stood at 32.1 billion tonnes in 2015 and have remained essentially flat since 2013, according to the following IEA graphic.
This prompted IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol to say:
“The new figures confirm last year’s surprising but welcome news: we now have seen two straight years of greenhouse gas emissions decoupling from economic growth. Coming just a few months after the landmark COP21 agreement in Paris, this is yet another boost to the global fight against climate change.”
Recent Energy Information Administration (EIA) data confirms IEA’s assessment that the U.S.’s increased natural gas use led to energy-sector CO2 declines in 2015. As the following EIA graphic shows, natural gas far outpaced growth from other fuel sources used for electrical generation in 2015, becoming the leading source of U.S. electricity for the first time in April 2015 in addition to being the top U.S electrical generation fuel in each of the last six months of 2015.
EIA also announced this week that for the first time natural gas is expected to be the top fuel used for electrical generation in 2016, as the following graphic illustrates.
IEA’s new data further confirms several other recent reports crediting U.S. shale gas for contributing to a decline energy-sector carbon emissions.
• According to the EIA, the burning of natural gas in the U.S. since 2005 has prevented 1 billion metric tons of CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere. Use of renewables has prevented 600 million metric tons of CO2 emissions in the same timeframe.
• Similarly, The Breakthrough Institute (BTI) – an environmental group founded by individuals whom Time Magazine recognized as “heroes of the environment” – released a report in 2013 that demonstrated that natural gas has prevented 17 times more carbon dioxide emissions than wind, solar, and geothermal combined.
• This EIA also reported last year the increased use of affordable natural gas made possible by the shale gas revolution helped lower U.S. CO2 emissions from the electricity generation sector to 27-year lows in April 2015. Not coincidentally, natural-gas fired electrical generation has seen a 438,478 megawatt hour (48 percent) increase since 2007.
• And a recent report by the Manhattan Institute also shows that natural gas is responsible for nearly 20 percent of total carbon dioxide emission cuts from 2007 to 2013 and that for every ton of CO2 emission reductions attributable to solar power, 13 tons can be attributed to natural gas.
So it’s no wonder the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has given props to the shale gas boom’s contributions to reducing CO2 emissions:
“A key development since AR4 is the rapid deployment of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal- drilling technologies, which has increased and diversified the gas supply and allowed for a more extensive switching of power and heat production from coal to gas (IEA, 2012b); this is an important reason for a reduction of GHG emissions in the United States.”